Institute of Mathematics


Modul:   MAT760  Ergodic theory and dynamical systems seminar

Expansion, divisibility and parity

Talk by Prof. Dr. Harald Helfgott

Speaker invited by: Prof. Dr. Artur Avila

Date: 22.05.24  Time: 13.30 - 14.30  Room: ETH HG G 19.1

We will discuss a graph that encodes the divisibility properties of integers by primes. We will prove that this graph has a strong local expander property almost everywhere. We then obtain several consequences in number theory, beyond the traditional parity barrier, by combining the main result with Matomaki-Radziwill. (This is joint work with M. Radziwill.) For instance: for lambda the Liouville function (that is, the completely multiplicative function with lambda(p) = -1 for every prime), (1/\log x) \sum_{n\leq x} lambda(n) \lambda(n+1)/n = O(1/sqrt(log log x)), which is stronger than well-known results by Tao and Tao-Teravainen. We also manage to prove, for example, that lambda(n+1) averages to 0 at almost all scales when n restricted to have a specific number of prime divisors Omega(n)=k, for any "popular" value of k (that is, k = log log N + O(sqrt(log log N)) for n<=N). We shall also discuss a recent generalization by C. Pilatte, who has succeeded in proving that a graph with edges that are rough integers, rather than primes, also has a strong local expander property almost everywhere, following the same strategy. As a result, he has obtained a bound with O(1/(log x)^c) instead of O(1/sqrt(log log x)) in the above, as well as other improvements in consequences across the board.''