Institut für Mathematik


Modul:   MAT675  PDE and Mathematical Physics

Breakdown of small amplitude breathers for the nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation

Vortrag von Prof. Dr. Marcel Guardia

Datum: 15.04.21   Zeit: 18.00 - 19.00   Raum: Y27H28

Breathers are temporally periodic and spatially localized solutions of evolutionary PDEs. They are known to exist for integrable PDEs such as the sine-Gordon equation, but are believed to be rare for general nonlinear PDEs. When the spatial dimension is equal to one, exchanging the roles of time and space variables (in the so-called spatial dynamics framework), breathers can be interpreted as homoclinic solutions to steady solutions and thus arise from the intersections of the stable and unstable manifolds of the steady states. In this talk, we shall study the nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation and show that small amplitude breathers cannot exist (under certain conditions). We will also explain how to construct generalized breathers. These are solutions which are periodic in time and in space are localized up to exponentially small (with respect to the amplitude) tails. This is a joint work with O. Gomide and T. Seara.